Velte-Schäfer, A.; Teicht, C.; Stahlhut, M.; May, T.; Herrmann, R.; Urbaneck, T.; Füldner, G.

Utilizing Waste Heat from Data Centers with Adsorptive Heat Transformation – Heat Exchanger Design and Choice of Adsorbent

Energy Conversion and Management 310. Jg. (2024). Nr. 118500. – ISSN 0196-8904


The electricity and water consumption of data centers is growing on a global scale. A shift towards liquid cooled racks in combination with thermally driven cooling can help to reduce the electricity and water demand associated with the necessary heat rejection. To quantify the potential of adsorptive heat transformation devices in reducing the electricity and water demand, the prediction of thermal efficiency, heat flow rates and energy efficiency ratio is required. To this end, a numerical model is newly developed using basic adsorption heat exchanger theory. This model can predict the necessary performance indicators with respect to temperatures and volume flow rates, heat exchanger design and adsorbent. The full performance map of a market-available adsorption chiller (71 points) and own measurements are used for calibration and rigorous validation of the model. An average deviation (experiment vs. calculation) of 8.3 % in terms of thermal efficiency and 7.2 % in terms of heat flow rates is achieved, indicating a very good agreement for a wide range of temperatures. At a moderate liquid cooled rack outlet temperature of 50 °C, a heat rejection temperature of 26 °C and a cold aisle inlet temperature of 18 °C the cooling power of the silica gel reference chiller of 5.3 kW can be increased by 59 % to 8.5 kW at a partial energy efficiency ratio (pumps and control, no fans) of > 20 by assuming MIL-100(Fe) as adsorbent on a flat-tube lamella heat exchanger. The model can be used in subsequent annual system simulations to quantify the savings in electrical power and water consumption, which strongly depend on the ambient conditions.


Schlagwörter: Adsorption chiller, Data center, Effective heat and mass transfer resistances, Metal organic framework


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